mid autumn festival history

The Japanese moon viewing festival, o-tsukimi (お月見, "Moon viewing"), is also held at this time. This indulgent treat is meant to be shared with moon cakes being sliced into 8 pieces as the number 8 is an auspicious number for the Chinese.

Music and dances were also indispensable.

It falls on the 15th day of the 8th lunar month when the moon is believed to be the fullest and roundest.Members of the family gather together for a reunion dinner and to appreciate the moon while eating moon-cakes of various flavors. [3] In Daguang, in southwest Guizhou Province, young men and women of the Dong people would make an appointment at a certain place. [12] Handcrafted shadow lanterns were an important part of Mid-Autumn displays since the 12th-century Lý dynasty, often of historical figures from Vietnamese history. [12], The Mid-Autumn moon has traditionally been a choice occasion to celebrate marriages. About Us In the Northern Song Dynasty (960–1279 AD), the 15th day of the 8th lunar month was established as the "Mid-Autumn Festival". However, it was not until 2008 that Mid-Autumn Festival was listed as a holiday.There is a one-day holiday for Mid-Autumn Festival. [12] Into the early decades of the twentieth century of Vietnam, daughters of wealthy families would prepare elaborate center pieces filled with treats for their younger siblings. Major festivities take place across 30 venues in Thiruvananthapuram, capital of Kerala.

Messages to rebel against the Mongols were passed around in mooncakes. Well-dressed visitors could visit to observe the daughter's handiwork as an indication of her capabilities as a wife in the future. [58] Unlike traditions in China, celebrations in the United States are usually limited to daylight hours, and generally conclude by early evening. [35] People called Mid Autumn Festival as Kwong Sin Festival, they hold Pok San Ngau Tsai at Datong Pond in Sha Po.

Hou Yi, distraught at the loss of his wife, burned incense and made food offerings to the moon, and the practice spread across China. The Mid-Autumn Festival is arguably the second most important holiday on the Chinese calendar. Thus, the sharing and eating of round mooncakes among family members during the week of the festival signifies the completeness and unity of families.

The boat races are colorfully painted with bright colors and is in various designs being most popular the neak, Cambodian sea dragon. Outdoor barbecues have become a popular affair for friends and family to gather and enjoy each other's company. The Moon Festival, also called the Mid-Autumn Festival or Mid-Autumn Day, is second in importance only to the Spring Festival. The holiday falls on the 15th day of the 8th lunar month and has been celebrated for more than 3,000 years back to the Shang Dynasty. Also, people will celebrate by eating cassia cakes and candy. [23], According to Chinese folklore, a Turpan businessman offered cakes to Emperor Taizong of Tang in his victory against the Xiongnu on the fifteenth day of the eighth Chinese lunisolar month.

Falling on August 15 of the lunar calendar, Mid-Autumn Festival began in the early years of the Tang dynasty (618-907), but the word "mid-autumn" actually appeared in an ancient book over 3,000 years ago. However, Peng Meng, one of his apprentices, knew this secret. In Chinese culture, a round shape symbolizes completeness and reunion. The common citizens just prayed to the moon for a good harvest. The word "Mid-Autumn" first appeared in the famous ancient book Zhou Li (The Zhou Rituals, a book telling the rituals in the Zhou Dynasty). Upon his success he was given a pill that would grant him immortality. Following the emperors, rich merchants and officials held big parties in their courts. The revolt was a success and the government overthrown.

[50], In Sri Lanka, a full moon day is known as Poya and each full moon day is a public holiday. Nowadays, many traditional activities are disappearing from Mid-Autumn festivities, but new trends have been generated. The last version of Mid-Autumn Festival story is a little absurd, which said that Hou Yi had an affair, and Chang E was angry with him so she took the elixir and flew to the moon. Onam celebrations include Vallam Kali (boat races), Pulikali (tiger dances), Pookkalam (flower Rangoli), Onathappan (worship), Onam Kali, Tug of War, Thumbi Thullal (women's dance), Kummattikali (mask dance), Onathallu (martial arts), Onavillu (music), Kazhchakkula (plantain offerings), Onapottan (costumes), Atthachamayam (folk songs and dance), and other celebrations. [21] In some areas of China, there is a tradition of making mooncakes during the night of the Mid-Autumn Festival. Being close to children was seen as a way to connect with animist spirits and deities. The celebration is called Chuseok (autumn eve) in Korea and Tsukimi (moon-viewing) in Japan. [10] In the old days, lanterns were made in the image of natural things, myths, and local cultures. The Mid-Autumn Festival celebrations date back more than 2,000 years. Traditions include family reunions, moon gazing, and sharing “moon cakes,” traditional round … The Mid-Autumn Festival also commemorates the story of the Chinese moon deity, the goddess Chang’e.

Sha Po would celebrate Mid Autumn Festival in every 15th day of the 8th Chinese lunisolar month.

[13][14], Empress Dowager Cixi (late 19th century) enjoyed celebrating Mid-Autumn Festival so much that she would spend the period between the thirteenth and seventeenth day of the eighth month staging elaborate rituals. [20] In addition to carrying lanterns, the children also don masks.

Suddenly, Li Longji raised the thoughts of visiting the Moon Palace, so the three men flew up to the moon by clouds and planned to roam in the Moon Palace. Terms and Conditions 3,000 Years’ Timeline of Mooncake History, from its Origin 'Taishi Cake', 6 Most Well-Known Legends about Mid-Autumn Festival. For millennia, China has celebrated the Mid-Autumn Festival (Zhongqiu Jie), also known as the Moon Festival. The heat from the sun was killing crops so the land’s best archer, Hou Yi, was recruited to shoot down nine of the suns. Today, it is still an occasion for outdoor reunions among friends and relatives to eat mooncakes and watch the moon, a symbol of harmony and unity. The early form of the Mid-Autumn Festival was derived from the custom of moon worship during the Zhou Dynasty over 3,000 years ago. According to Lemei, "The round moon cakes are symbols of the great family reunion just like the round." [28] One of the first decorations purchased for the celebration table is a clay statue of the Jade Rabbit. [20], In its most ancient form, the evening commemorated the dragon who brought rain for the crops.

Stories vary as to the origins of this treat, but one fun story tells of how mooncakes were used to rebel against the government. But when the festival day is not on Wednesday, Chinese will merge it with the weekend to have three days off. The festival is held on the 15th day of the 8th month of the Chinese lunisolar calendar with a full moon at night, corresponding to mid-September to early October of the Gregorian calendar.

At midnight everyone goes up to the temple to pray and make wishes and enjoy their Ak Ambok together. [18] One tradition is to pile 13 mooncakes on top of each other to mimic a pagoda, the number 13 being chosen to represent the 13 months in a full Chinese lunisolar year. A modern take on the classic mooncake // Photo: Anne Roberts. [4], Lanterns of all size and shapes, are carried and displayed – as beacons to light our way to prosperity and good luck. They drank and appreciated the bright moon. These games relate to flights of the soul, spirit possession, or fortunetelling. Then the custom was accepted by the masses and became more and more popular over time. Just Ask Sum-m! Yi did not want to leave Chang'e and be immortal without her, so he let Chang'e keep the elixir. Also, the price for these boxes are not considered cheap—a four-mooncake box of the lotus seeds paste with egg yolks variety, can generally cost US$40 or more.

design by Primal Communications, The Mid-Autumn Festival and the History of the Mooncake. Chang'e fled to the moon and became the spirit of the moon. The earliest written record of the word “Mid-Autumn” was from Han Dynasty (202 BC - 220 AD). [10], In Vietnam, children participate in parades in the dark under the full moon with lanterns of various forms, shapes, and colors. In order to live long without death, he asked for the elixir from Xiwangmu. On the festival, families and friends gather to play Bo Bing, a gambling sort of game involving 6 dice.

[18], A unique tradition is celebrated quite exclusively in the island city of Xiamen. The number 4 is mainly what determines how big the prize is.[29]. In some years, Mid-Autumn Festival and Chinese National Day is close enough to form an 8-day holiday, when the travel pressure is much greater. ", "Mid-Autumn Festival: Officials list legal barbecue sites for festival", "How the world celebrates Mid-Autumn Festival – Chinese News", "Cambodia's Water Festival (Bon Om Touk)", "No, not Songkran – that other water festival, in Cambodia, and its thrills", "Moon Festival in Cambodia – An Unforgettable Experience", "Water and Moon Festival and Boat Racing", "How the world celebrates Mid-Autumn Festival", "Mid-Autumn Festival and being Chinese-American", "Feature: Mid-Autumn Festival gives Americans a taste of China", "Annual August Moon Festival: Chinatown 2019 (Tips, Reviews, Local Guide)", "81st Annual Mid-Autumn Moon Festival (2019-09-14)", "Chinese Mid-Autumn Moon Festivals in New York City: Moon Cakes and Flying Lanterns", "Join in a lantern parade at annual Mid-Autumn Festival in Chinatown", "Cadillac Fairview Celebrates the Mid-Autumn Festival", "Mid-Autumn Festival celebration held in Vancouver – Xinhua | English.news.cn", "Gregorian-Lunar Calendar Conversion Table", San Francisco Chinatown Autumn Moon Festival, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mid-Autumn_Festival&oldid=987522649, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Vietnamese-language text, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2012, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2012, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, One type of activity, "Ascent to Heaven" (, Another activity, "Descent into the Garden" (, Children would play a game called "Encircling the Toad" (, This page was last edited on 7 November 2020, at 16:21.

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