history of maternity leave in germany

Even shorter when it comes to paid paternity leave. Newest first, -1) ? Breastfeeding health benefits for infants: Many studies have found that breastfeeding is beneficial for the health of young infants. 'active' : ''"> Drawing upon decades of experience, RAND provides research services, systematic analysis, and innovative thinking to a global clientele that includes government agencies, foundations, and private-sector firms. If this is not possible, your employer must offer you an equivalent position. 341–360. (Unemployed parents are also eligible for the benefits program.). The study also found indications that short leave entitlements lead to increased working hours upon mothers' return to work, although it did not find evidence of this effect for longer periods of leave.

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Figure 2 compiles the latest available figures from different sources. Breastfeeding health benefits for mothers: An aspect often overlooked in the discussion about the health benefits of breastfeeding are the benefits it brings to mothers.

try again, the name must be unique, Please However, in all cases, exclusive breastfeeding reduces significantly at six months. Keck, W., and C. Saraceno, "The impact of different social-policy frameworks on social inequalities among women in the European Union: The labour-market participation of mothers," Social Politics: International Studies on Gender, State and Society, 20 (3), 2013, pp. Harmonising European maternity leave policies to adopt six months of mandatory maternity leave provision is likely to be a complex and long process, given the significant variation in policies across countries. Kimbro, R.T., "On-the-job moms: work and breastfeeding initiation and duration for a sample of low-income women," Maternal and Child Health Journal, 10 (1), 2006, pp.

Kramer, M.S., and R. Kakuma, "Optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding (Review)," Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 1, 2002, pp. 182–224. If you are going into parental leave before your child's 3rd birthday, you must inform your employer at least seven weeks in advance. This article outlined the varying current maternity leave provisions and breastfeeding rates across Europe, and examined evidence on the effects of the length of maternity leave policies on both breastfeeding practices and mothers' labour market participation. Having to return to work for financial reasons and using informal day care arrangements, rather than they themselves or their partners caring for their infants were other factors found to limit breastfeeding. endstream endobj 186 0 obj <> endobj 187 0 obj <> endobj 188 0 obj <>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>> endobj 189 0 obj <> endobj 190 0 obj [/ICCBased 196 0 R] endobj 191 0 obj [/Separation/Black 190 0 R 198 0 R] endobj 192 0 obj <>stream

How can I spend more time with my baby despite work? Fein, S.B., B. Mandal, and B.E.

Community 'active' : ''"> Michaelsen, K. Fleischer, W. Mihatsch, L.A. Moreno, J. Puntis, R. Shamir, H. Szajewska, D. Turck, and J. van Goudoever, "Breast-feeding: A commentary by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition," Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, 49 (1), 2009, pp. The existing Open Comments threads will continue to exist for those who do not subscribe to Scandinavian and Eastern European countries report the highest proportions of children who are ever breastfed. [Danish] Federal Office for Migration and Refugees. Help preserve this vital resource. In the second section, the economic factors relating to the potential extension of maternity leave provision to six months, such as effects on the female labour market attachment and future employability, costs to businesses, and wider consequences (benefits and costs) for individuals, employers and the wider society, are discussed. In the case of Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Croatia, Spain, Poland, and the UK, part of the leave can be transferred to the father. 'active' : ''"> Parents who are already employed are each protected from losing their jobs while utilizing their family leave. This section aims to examine the evidence on the economic factors involved for women and businesses in extending mandatory maternity leave to six months, particularly in terms of women's rate of participation in the labour market, the effect of longer periods of leave on human capital, mothers' future employability after taking leave and costs for business.

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